Tuesday, April 23, 2013

Guest Blogger Today!

I have the privilege of introducing to you a writing colleague, my mentor, and friend, Gail Grenier, the  author of: Dog Woman, Calling all Horses, and Don't Worry Baby. My love for grammar has encouraged me to create this blog, so I've invited a few of my colleagues to join us as a guest. I've asked them to share with us a topic on grammar that you may find of interest. Today, Gail has addressed the differences between grammar and usage. Take a look . . .

Don’t be afraid of Big Bad Grammar
By Gail Grenier

Hi! I teach Creative Writing for Publication at Waukesha County Technical College in Wisconsin. The beautiful and talented Ms. Christine Schimpf has taken my class for the past few years. I had the privilege, week by week, of watching the birth and growth of her fascinating book Nick, the Journey of a Lifetime.

Chris invited me to write a little piece on grammar for this blog. Here goes….
After teaching English and writing for decades, and after edited hundreds of manuscripts, this is what I think: people are way too scared of grammar. They should pay more attention to usage.

Grammar and usage are two different things.

Grammar is a set of rules we follow so our sentences make sense. Think of grammar as the nuts and bolts of the language. Do you understand the meaning of a sentence? If so, it is probably grammatically proper. Most of us understand grammar because we are native speakers who mastered the language before we started going to school.

Usage refers to ways of speaking and writing we follow so our sentences are socially acceptable in our cultural (dialect) group. A word or phrase may be grammatically proper, yet it may be judged to be improper usage by our cultural (dialect) group.

Think of the word “ain’t.” We all understand “ain’t.” It is grammatically proper. However, if you use “ain’t” for reasons other than humor or emphasis (as our President is known to do), you will be branded as uneducated by a certain social (dialect) group of people. Think of usage as style.

For truly thorny problems in usage, I’ve never found a better remedy than old-fashioned sentence diagramming. The mistake I correct most often when I’m editing manuscripts is the lack of parallelism. No one who understands how to diagram a sentence would ever make the mistake of failing to create parallelism in a sentence.

Examples (from Cliff’s Notes):

Right: What counts isn’t how you look but how you behave.

Wrong: What counts isn’t how you look but your behavior.

Diagramming is the math of English. When you learn to diagram, you see clearly the delicious logic of our beautiful, scrumptious language. It’s easy to learn how to diagram sentences. The nuns taught me by the time I was eight years old.

There are many guides to diagramming on the Web. Here is one: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/diagrams/diagrams.htm

Friday, April 19, 2013

Periods, Commas, Question Marks and Quotation Marks

I'm often asked about the rules when using quotation marks.
It's simple. . . periods, commas, and question marks always go inside quotation marks.
Some examples:

1) She said, "I wouldn't be caught dead in this dress!"

2) "Are you coming tonight?" he asked.

3) "I have to go," she whispered. "This could take forever."

Look for examples of the rule being used correctly. Cut and paste them into a document and save them for later reference.

Pie Baking Contest

I had the pleasure of entering my very first pie baking contest this July 4th holiday weekend. What a thrill that was. The judges lifted t...